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1.  How do I know what type of septic system I need to install?
Generally speaking, there are two types of systems.  Conventional (underground) and Mound (above ground).  There are many new/tech products that can be used in each type of system.  The type of system that will be required for your property will be determined by your soil tester using state guidelines.  Except for a few exceptions, systems must be installed as per strict state guidelines.  We have included a diagram of each type of system.  Click here to see diagrams.

2.  What is the process for installing a septic system?
First: hire a contractor to do a soil test.  This will determine what type of system you will need and where it will be placed.  
Second: your contractor will use the soil test to determine the cost of installing the system for you.  
Third: once you accept the bid, the contractor will use the soil test as a guide to design a blueprint/plan for your system.  
Fourth: the plans must be sent to the state and local authorities for approval.  Once approved, the local authorities will make permits available to the contractor.  Now your system can be installed.  

3.  How often does my Septic Tank need to be cleaned?
The state of Wisconsin requires that your tank be pumped every 3 years.  Some counties require pumping every 2 years.  Most counties send out notices when your tank requires pumping. In most instances this should be adequate, but under especially heavy use or in some other extreme circumstances you may want to pump your tank once a year.  

4.  What should and what shouldn’t I put in my septic system?
Generally speaking for all types of systems, if it starts out as a solid, it will end up as a solid and clog the drain field which is the most expensive part of your system to replace.  The biggest culprit of this is garbage disposals.  If you have one, do not use it.  If you do not have a disposal, do not install one. The next biggest problem is powder detergents, both laundry and dishwasher.  Remember, they will turn back into powders when dried in the drain field and will eventually clog it.  Besides these, anything that kills bacteria (which breaks down solids in a septic system) will adversely affect the septic system. This include grease, paints, chemicals and powerful antibacterial medicines. Although antibacterial hand soaps used in moderate amounts should not adversely affect the system.

5. Why do I have to have a particular system when my neighbor has something else?
Systems are designated first by soil type.  Your neighbor may have better soil.  Because of the glacial deposits in our area the soils could be different from property to property.  Then if you consider topography, your neighbor may have a better general location and shape of site.  The size of your home will also determine what type and size of system that is required for your property.  Department of Commerce does not consider the number of bathrooms in your home. They calculate 150 gallons of water usage per bedroom per day.  Any room with a closet is considered a bedroom even if it presently is being used as an office or den.
6.  Only my wife and myself live here now.  Why do we have to have such a large system? 
Wisconsin presumes your home may be sold in the future and sets standards for a larger family to occupy the home.

7. My contractor left many white pipes protruding from the ground .  I find this makes mowing my grass much more difficult.  Do they have to be left that way?
All systems should have at least one vent outside. This one typically has a metal cap on it.  There are certain circumstances when there can be more than one vent.  If there are numerous pipes protruding from the ground, chances are someone did not take the time to properly cut them flush with the ground.  To maintain proper function of your system, it would be best to consult a licensed plumber or your county inspector before making any modifications.

W331 N4544 Emley Dr
 Nashotah, WI 53058
(262) 367-6448